OCD Ayurvedic view

Obsessive- compulsive disorder  is a disorder in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations (obsessions). To control the thoughts, they do something repetitively (compulsions). The repetitive behaviors, such as hand washing/cleaning, checking on things, and mental acts like (counting) or other activities, can significantly interfere with a person’s daily activities and social interactions. the thoughts can be of fear of contamination, fear of performing activities of aggression or being harmed by relatives or friends, fear of loosing something important, disturbing sexual thoughts, more concerned and anxious about completing task , and so on. to avoid these type of recurrent thoughts, a person engages himself or herself in a repetitive behavior which is known as compulsion which can be of washing hands, showering, cleaning utensils or furniture’s, arranging things in order, checking locks, stove, lights, sometime people try to avoid meeting to certain people or avoid to go in gatherings. OCD is one among the anxiety disorders and it was estimated by mental health report by WHO as the most common cause among the top twenty causes of illness related disability. low level of serotonin can be a possible cause of OCD.
Entire Ayurveda is described in eight branches, to study the complete Ayurveda one has to study all the eight branches. which are described as      काय बाल ग्रहो उर्ध्वांगा शल्य द्रष्ट जरा वृषैहि:  means General medicine, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Ophthalmology and ENT , Surgery and Marma therapy, Toxicology, Rejuvenation, and Aphrodisiac. in Ayurvedic Psychiatry, mental disorders are classified into four groups,
Unamada: These type of mental disorders are associated with excitement, pre judgement and depression.
Atatwa- Abhinivesha: These group is associated with wrong judgement, because of anxiety, abnormal behavior.
Apasmara: These group of illnesses are associated with memory and knowledge like convulsion or long term memory loss, mental retardation and power of recall.
Mada-Moorchha: These illnesses are dizziness, coma or unconsciousness, these types of illnesses can be psychological or associated with physical illnesses. or associated with both as psychosomatic.
Among all these four groups of mental illnesses, Atatwa- abhinivesha is closely related to OCD. Atatwa means one which does not exist, and Abhinivesha means firm belief. so literal translation of Atatwaabhinivesha means a person firmly believes in the factors which are not existing or have a confusion in accepting the reality. Ayurveda has explained six principle factors responsible for any type of mental disturbance. These six factors are काम Kama (Desires) , क्रोध  Krodha (Anger), मद Mada (Ego), मोह Moha ( Attachements) लोभ Lobha ( Greed), मत्सर्य Matsarya ( Jealosy). among all of these six principle causes Kama or desires or non fulfillment of desires is the prime factor responsible for psychological issues. because of any of these or all of these, the Gunas (which we can consider as the properties of mind) gets imbalanced that results in smritibhransha or manobhransha in which a person looses the power of discriminate between real and unreal. that can be described as OCD.
Atatwa Abhinivesha (? OCD ) is caused by imbalance of the three gunas (specifically tama guna) and tridosha (specifically vata dosha). imbalanced tama guna corrupts the intellect which leads in smritibrhama corrupted memory and manobraham means corrupted mind whcih disturbs the functions of the memeory and mind that results in wrong judgement and behavior based on the wrong judgement.
Ayurveda views heath as a balance between mind, body and spirit. for any psychological issues, Ayurveda has suggested special guidelines to practice that enhances the psychological health. for example early wakeup and early bed which provides necessary time to relaxation to the mind. during the suggested time of sleep, serotonin level is at the peak that helps with the relaxation. Pranayama practices as specially Nadishodhana (Alternative nostrils) pranayama helps to purify the channels. Ayurveda suggests Panchakarma therapies to balance the imbalanced dosha and Satwavijay chikitasa means to boost the Satva guna which definitely brings harmony if applied properly under the supervision of authentic practitioner and Medhya Aushadha which are the herbs used to support the functions of the brain.
Satwavijaya chikitsa means a treatment which helps to take control of the mind, or a treatment that brings victory over mind, that is satwavajaya chikitsa. This line of treatment can be the game changer in psychological disorders. Aim is nothing but the maintaining the normalcy of mental health as well as bringing back the healthy state of mind if it is impaired. It helps an individual to discriminate between thoughts and actions, it helps a person to divert the mind and shifting to other activity (Pratyahara), helps to remove phobic causes by creating awareness of self knowledge and truth.
Mano Nigraha (Control of mind) is the most difficult task and requires a perfect combination of desires, determination and dedication. it can be achieved through Abhyasha ( Practice) and Vairagya (Detachment). experienced Ayurvedic doctor can help to achieve a victory over mind by applying some procedures like chintya ( regulation in thought process), Vichrya (By analyzing thoughts and ideas), Uhya( by channeling the presumptions with logical reasoning), Dhyeya( reminding the goals) and Sankalpa ( By proper guidance and advise for helping in taking right decisions). this process is better performed in the Ayurvedic hospitals or with the continues and regular follow up with wise Ayurvedic doctor.
Herbs like Brahmi, Jatamansi, Shankhapushpi, Ashwagndha, Vacha, Sarawatarista can be used for Atattwa Abhinivesha. the herbs can only be used after proper assessment. Therapies like Shirodhara, Shirobasti and Nasya can be helpful in Atattwaabhinivesha. All these treatments can only be used with prior assessment by an authentic Ayurvedic doctor.
The information provided in this blog is for education purpose only. for more detailed specific information, please contact an authentic Ayurvedic doctor. Thanks for taking time to read this article. see you next month with a new interesting subject. till then Stay safe, stay healthy.

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