Heart Diseases and Ayurveda.

Cardio Vascular Diseases are one of the main cause of death globally, claims approximately 17 millions of lives annually globally. CVDs are a group of disorders that includes heart, blood vessels, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions.

The most important behavioral risk factors of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol. besides these visible causes, there is one most important invisible cause is stress, in my clinical practice, I have seen patients with heart conditions who have normal lipid profile, normal glucose level and normal blood pressure and are having extreme stressful lifestyle. The effects of behavioral risk factors may show up in individuals as elevated blood pressure, raised blood glucose, increased blood lipids, and overweight and obesity. These “intermediate risks factors” can be measured in primary care facilities and indicate an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure and other complications. we should also implement a method to find a way to measure stress level which can indicate increased risk of heart conditions.

Ayurveda, The science of life that focuses on every aspect of life to balance the harmony from all level(Mental, Physical and Spiritual). As per Ayurveda, mind and body are interconnected. our emotions impacts our cellular system. positive feelings and happier moments can effect positively to the cells of our body. likewise negative emotions are certainly going to imbalance the health of our atoms.

As per Ayurveda, The heart originates form the essence of Rakta dhatu (blood) and kapha dosha, the movement of heart is regulated by Vyana vayu. Rasa (Plasma), Rakta (Blood) Mansa (Muslces) Meda (Fat) are the tissues and kapha, pitta and vata are the dosha responsible for the constitution of heart. Heart is the location of Vyana Vayu, Sadhaka pitta, Avalambak kapha, Oja and Rasa dhatu. heart is the hub of energy where a variety range of physical and energetic pathways intersect. It is one of the Marma.

As per Ayurvedic Physiology of Heart, heart is responsible for the contraction and relaxations. though the blood vessels, heart provides plasma, blood and Oja to the entire body. Vyana vayu is responsible for the blood circulation and Vyana vayu, sadhaka pitta and Avalambaka kapha are responsible for supplying nutrients and oxygen to the body.

Kapha provoking lifestyle and diet, dense property of food, and Excessive exercise, extreme hot property of food, stress and worry, ama dosha, untreated pre existing conditions, holding natural urges, trauma and polluted environment can be the causes of heart disease.

Pathophysiology: Above described etiological factors vitiate dosha. imbalanced dosha that affects plasma and localizes at the heart and creates obstructions (Maragavarodha) that results in the malfunctions of the heart and initiates pain. here two factors are considered, the first one is obstructions in the coronary arteries because of hypercholesterolemia because of toxic dosha and spasm of coronary arteries due to aggravated vata dosha.

Chikitsa(Ayurvedic treatments):

Lifestyle: lifestyle modifications have been shown to have a significantly beneficial impact on reducing the incidence and severity of cardiovascular conditions. Studies have shown a consistent inverse association between physical activity/fitness, and the incidence of heart disease and general risk factors. It has also been determined that regular, moderately intense activity, such as brisk walking for 30-60 minutes daily, is sufficient to reduce cardiovascular risk factors. Research suggests that everyone, especially those with cardiovascular risks, should exercise daily. It may turn out that even an energy expenditure of 1000 calories each week can significantly reduce heart disease. This is equivalent to brisk walking for 45 minutes four to five times per week. exercise directly impacts on the lipid profile, based on the exercise. Ayurveda emphasis on Dincharya (Daily Regimen) which is a prime factor for better health.

Diet: anti Kapha diet means high fiber and low fat diet can help to reduce bad cholesterol which is the main culprit of heart issues, Fish, Flaxseed, sesame, Avocado can help to lower LDL.  Langhana or fasting or light diet or restricted diet as per Ayurvedic ahara vichara. Snehana (Abhyanga massage)and Swedana (stem therapy) followed by Virecahana (mild purgation) to detoxify Am(Toxins).

Deepana and Pachana medications: Deepana herbs helps to stimulate the digestive enzymes and pachana herbs helps to digest the Ama(toxins).

Rejuvenation and Ojaskara(immune booster) herbs: once the Ama(Toxins) are eliminated from the body, these herbs are administered.

Ayurvedic herbs for CVDs.: Sarpagandha, vacha, Gokshura, punarnava can help to reduce the high blood pressure. Guggul, Garlic, Triphala can help to reduce high cholesterol. Arjuna, Bala, Ashwagandha, Cinnamon can work as a cardiac tonic. Ashwagandha, Brahmi, Jatamansi can work as stress reliver.

Thanks for taking time to read this article, I hope you enjoyed it. This blog is for informational purposes only and is not intended to replace Ayurvedic herbal advice. please consult a healthcare professional for more information.

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